There are 10 players on the floor. Only one player has the ball. That means that 90% of time, you won't have the ball, and that only 10% of the time you may actually have the ball (a little less for post players, a little more for guards). So you have a limited number of opportunities to score from an individual move when you are the ball-handler. Good scorers find ways to get open for an easy pass from a teammate, and an easy shot off the pass reception. Good scorers never just stand around and watch. They are always trying to find ways to get open by coming off screens, or faking and cutting to open areas of the floor (within their shooting range).
The keys are timing, cutting to open areas, using and setting good screens, and maintaining good spacing. Keep in mind that it's often the screener who actually gets open after a screen. In regard to cutting, there is a saying "get open, or get out!", which means that if you are not open, and don't receive the ball within a couple seconds, quickly move out of the paint or baseline area and get back to a perimeter spot to maintain spacing. Passing, dribble-penetration and offense in general is easier if offensive players maintain a spacing of 12 to 15 feet apart. Don't get bunched up, and don't get "stuck" down along the baseline after making a cut inside.
Legendary coach Bob Knight has often said that the two most important and undertaught offensive weapons are the shot-fake and the pass-fake. The shot-fake is a great move when the defender is flying out (closing out) on you on the perimeter. With a good shot-fake, the defender jumps and you dribble around him/her for a one-dribble jump-shot, or a dribble-drive to the hoop. The shot-fake is also an important move for post players inside. Make the shot-fake or "pump-fake" to get the defender in the air, and then you can make a move either into him (and get the foul) or under him ("up and under" move), or maybe a drop-step move either baseline or to the lane, once the defender has left his feet.
The pass-fake is also a very important essential fundamental. In high school and youth basketball, I see so many tipped or intercepted passes, not only because the passer does not see the defense, but because he is looking right where he wants to pass ("telegraphing" the pass) and because he does not use a pass fake. Look the defender away. It's been said, "fake a pass to make a pass..." example: fake an overhead pass, and make the quick bounce pass around your defender. Or to pass to the left, give a fake first to the right. The pass fake is also great against zone defenses and should be an important fundamental in your zone offense. The point guard can fake the pass left to get the zone to lean or shift, and quickly pass to the right.
A good passer can "look" the defender off his receiver by looking the opposite way that he intends to pass... example: look left, pass right on a fast break.
Fakes can be a simple "look away", or can be as subtle as moving your eyes opposite the way you want to pass, or cut. A fake can be a jab step to get the defender leaning, and then you move quickly in the opposite direction. You can fake with a shrug of your shoulders, or a bob of your head in the opposite direction that you plan to cut. You can use a "sleep fake", where you pretend you are winded and tired, and you bend over with your hands on your knees, like you are catching your breath... the defender relaxes too, and suddenly you make your hard, quick cut. You can use a verbal fake... yell the ball-handler's name loudly and wave your arms to get the defender (who is help-side defense sagging toward the paint) to come out on you. That may open up the lane for a clean cut by a teammate. In this case you don't actually get the ball, but you made the lane available for your teammate to cut through. Have a team agreement... if you yell "ball!" you really want the ball, if you yell a name, it's a decoy. To be a good faker, you need a little acting ability!
2. Make a good fake and cut hard. Often I see kids make a quick fake, and then a somewhat slow cut. Do just the opposite... make a slow, sleepy fake followed by a quick cut move. A quick, strong first step is key.
3. This is another important tip: kids often try to avoid contact with the defender and try to run away from him. In trying to get open, go right up to the defender and make contact with him, then quickly "bounce off" in the direction of your cut. He won't be able to react fast enough to your quick first step.In addition to the cut moves described below, don't forget this move: slip behind the defender (who may be in "deny" and over-playing the passing lane) and move below him toward the baseline. The defender should always see the ball. Try to slip out of his field of vision, so that he loses you briefly... then you can get open.
|Types of Cuts
The front cut is a cut made with the defender behind you, on your back. This is the typical "give and go" cut (see Diagram A, FC). Set this up with a shoulder or head fake, or step fake away, and then cut hard around the defender looking for the pass.
A quick cut made with a quick stop, a pivot toward the ball, sealing the defender on your back side, and receiving the pass from your teammate (Diagram B, BH). An example would be a post player, or a strong tall guard who has a size advantage over his defender, cutting inside, but instead of cutting back out to the perimeter, he/she quickly pivots and "shapes up" to the ball for a post up for the pass inside.
Jam-Down, Back Cut
Steve Alford: Moving Without the Ball
with Steve Alford, Head Coach, University of New Mexico Head Coach; former University of Iowa Head Coach, former NCAA All-American, NBA Guard, and Olympian. As a player, Steve Alford made his living without the ball. Coach Alford shows you cutting and screening techniques that will allow you and your teammates open for shots and create a more effective offense. Through technique and drill demonstrations, Coach Alford shows how to set proper down screens, back screens, cross screens and to counter defensive switching and slip screens. Coach Alford emphasizes four types of cuts coming off the screen; tight cut, back cut, flare cut and the pop cut... (more info)