... maintain balance in your personal life. Step back and forget basketball for a couple weeks. Take time for your family and friends, relax, enjoy life and your time away from the gym.
... make an honest, private assessment of yourself as a coach, leader, mentor, etc. Do you need to improve your communication, teaching, organizational, and leadership skills? Do you need to be more open and willing to learn new things? Do you allow for enough interaction with your assistants? Are you representing your school and community in a positive way? Do you relate well to the school's administration and staff? Do you need to relate better to your players? How do you relate to parents and fans? Set some personal goals for yourself.
... review your last-season's goals and how well you measured up. What worked and what didn't? Review stats to find areas that need improvement. Review game film and take notes on your players and your team as a whole... what has to get better?
... review your offenses, defenses, presses and press-breakers, special plays and out-of-bounds plays, drills, etc. What needs adjusting. Can next season's players run your system, or do you need to adjust the system. Factors to consider are team-speed, bench depth, your post players, outside shooters, your point guard, etc.
... attend a coaching clinic or two. Take notes and interact with other coaches. Or work in a camp in your area... perhaps even help in camps that local colleges run.
Most high school teams attend a few team camps in the off-season. Schedule good competition that is neither too easy nor too hard.
Run a summer camp for young kids. This will help build your program for the future. Enlist the help of your assistants and players.
... learn something new each off-season. Learn about a new offense or defense. Buy a DVD or a book and make notes.
... another experienced (maybe even retired) coach who can act as your advisor? Young coaches will especially find such a person helpful... someone who has already made the mistakes, had the successes, and has been down the same road.
during the off-season. Discuss team goals, your expectations, etc.
... organize a strength and conditioning program.
... state athletic associations have rules as to how much time you can spend with your players in the off-season, so make sure you understand the rules first. The off-season is a good time to try to correct individual shooting technique and other fundamentals.
... this is a good time to experiment with your players. If you have a few team camps and scrimmages, now is the time to try a player in a new role or a new position. The off-season is also a good time to try out a new offense or defense.
Finally... enjoy the off-season! Play a little golf, go fishing, take a family trip, etc.
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Put in a new offense or defense this season.
Run a special inbounds or buzzer-beater play and look like a genius!
Use a special defense to shutdown a star player.
Teach your team how to break a press.