HomeBasketball DrillsFull-Court Transition Drills4-On-4-On-4 Drill

Basketball Drill - 4-On-4-On-4 Full-Court Transition Drill

By Dr. James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook, @ http://www.coachesclipboard.net

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This is a good full-court drill that emphasizes transition offense and defense as well as conditioning. The players like running this drill. You need a minimum of twelve players to do this drill, as we will have three 4-man teams. It's very helpful if you have three sets of colored shirts.

See the diagrams below. Start with two teams (4 on each team) on one end of the floor. The coach throws the ball against the backboard, and the team that gets the rebound makes the outlet pass and starts their fast break. The four players on defense (green team in diagram A) try to stop the offense in the backcourt, but as soon as the ball cross half-court they are finished. Two of those four will stay on the floor in the backcourt waiting for the next transition back up the floor (see diagram B). The other two exit to wait at sideline at half-court, one on each side of the floor.

Notice that the offense (diagram B, blue team) advances the ball up the court quickly, trying to score. Two defenders (yellow team, diagram B) will be waiting for them, and two additional (yellow) defenders will join in once the ball crosses the half-court line. Each of these defenders sprints out and touches the half-court circle, and then sprints in to help the other two defenders. So the offense has a brief 3-on-2 or 4-on-2 advantage and tries to score before the other two defenders arrive. On the other hand, the two waiting defenders must learn how to stop the break. We usually have the top defender stop the ball and the bottom defender defend the paint to prevent inside passing and lay-ups.

If the blue team turns the ball over, or misses the shot, yellow rebounds and starts their fast break the opposite direction. Blue plays defense until the ball reaches half-court, and then the green team takes over, again with the two defenders on the side joining in after the ball crosses half-court.

See diagram C. If a team scores (blue), the defense (yellow) gets the ball out of the net and takes it out-of-bounds, running your press-breaker (a modified 4-man version), while the team that just scored immediately sets up your press defense and plays the press until the ball crosses half-court (where the next team picks them up).

4-On-4-On-4 Transition Offense and Defense Drill

Rotation:
Notice that two players come off the floor on the sideline as the ball crosses half-court, and two stay on the floor getting ready for the next transition up the floor. The next time, the two players that had previously gone to the sideline, now stay on the court and the other two go to the sideline at half-court.

Tips:
Try to divide the teams up equally with a post player, a point guard and wings on each team. Make sure that they are following your fast break rules. For example, when we have a 3-on-2 situation, we don't want the middle person penetrating below the free-throw line as this destroys spacing. And when we have a 2-on-1 situation, we want the person with the ball to first think of attacking the hoop for a lay-up or foul, with the pass as the second option. We don't want to "settle" for an outside jump shot in this situation.

From a defensive standpoint, this is a great drill for working on your transition defense. The two back defenders should be stacked. The top defender stops the ball and the second defender closes-out on the first person to receive a pass, as the top defender then immediately sprints back as low as the lowest offensive player (see Transition Defense - 3-on-2 defense).

Each team keeps their own score. One-point for each basket, or if fouled. The first team to 5 (or 7) wins, and the other eight players do push-ups or run. You can also add other scoing rules if you want... example, minus one point for a bad pass or turnover, or a missed box-out.



Helpful DVDs:


Roy Williams: Tar Heel Offense & Transition Drills
Roy Williams: Tar Heel Offense & Transition Drills
with Roy Williams, University of North Carolina Head Coach; 2009 and 2005 NCAA Champions.
  • Explore the secrets of the Tar Heel offense with four-time National Coach of the Year, Roy Williams
  • Get easy baskets using this tournament-tested transition offense.
  • Discover drills to improve your primary and secondary breaks.
  • This offensive system guided North Carolina to 90.2 points per game in 2009.
Many of Roy Williams' current beliefs were developed in his early days of coaching high school basketball in North Carolina. This basketball DVD will illustrate the "Tar Heel Running Game" with the use of players in an impressive on-court demonstration. This style relies on running the floor and sharing the ball with teammates. Advantages of this style are that the running game negates the defense's ability to get set, which leads to many easy baskets. Coach Williams covers his three offensive rules against a set defense... (more info)

Price: $39.99
Buy Now from the Coach's Clipboard Basketball DVD -  Video Store!



Billy Donovan: 10 Aggressive Transition & Conditioning Drills
Billy Donovan: 10 Aggressive Transition & Conditioning Drills
with Billy Donovan, University of Florida Head Coach; 2007 & 2006 NCAA Champions, 2000 NCAA Runner-up; One of only two people ever to serve as head coach, assistant coach, and player in a Final Four.
Coach Donovan uses on-court demonstration to provide a unique insight into his effective transition attack. Donovan's renowned "Gator-Up Tempo Game" has been instrumental in developing nationally ranked teams at both Marshall and Florida. Donovan describes each player's responsibilities for creating fastbreak scoring opportunities off both made and missed baskets. He supports his instruction with breakdown drills to reinforce proper timing and spacing to help you run the fastbreak successfully... (more info)

Price: $39.99
Buy Now from the Coach's Clipboard Basketball DVD -  Video Store!



Bruce Weber: Competitive Games & Drills for Transition Basketball
Bruce Weber: Competitive Games & Drills for Transition Basketball
with Bruce Weber, University of Illinois Head Coach; 2005 NCAA Runner-Up. Coach Weber begins by differentiating between a "run and gun" and "run and score" mentality. He sees the offensive transition game as a way to ease the pressure off your half court offense to manufacture points. Weber starts with basic one-on-one drills and then builds into more game-like situation. When teaching the fast break, there are four main focus areas: warm-up, primary drills, early offense and competitive play. Drills include three-man fast break, 5-0 conditioning, speed lay-ups, three-man weave, 3-on-3 transition defense drill and 3-on-3 box out and transition. The 20-point game is Weber's favorite competitive drill. This is a full court 3-on-3 drill that also serves as a great conditioner. (more info)

Price: $39.99
Buy Now from the Coach's Clipboard Basketball DVD -  Video Store!



Tom Izzo: The Numbered Fastbreak
Tom Izzo: The Numbered Fastbreak
with Tom Izzo, Michigan State University Head Coach; 2000 NCAA Champs, 3X National "Coach of the Year".
  • Learn the numbered fast break from three-time National Coach of the Year, Tom Izzo
  • Tactics for having a successful fast break
  • Two- and three-man drills are first step in building a productive fast break
Coach Tom Izzo believes in scoring quickly by pushing the ball up the floor. The numbered break puts each player in a position to score. Izzo stresses that this fastbreak limits turnover and confusion by players. Two- and three-man drills are the first step in building a productive fast break. These drills can serve as a warm-up and are good for conditioning. Other drills... (more info)

Price: $39.99
Buy Now from the Coach's Clipboard Basketball DVD -  Video Store!