Basketball Offense - 1-3-1 Offense
By Dr. James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook, @ http://www.coachesclipboard.net
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The 1-3-1 offense is a simple offensive set, easy to learn, with good spacing, a high post and low post presence, and would be a good choice for youth and middle school teams. For attacking man-to-man defense, several simple motion patterns are presented below, and a few simple plays are referenced. We'll start with the most simple ("Motion-1") and end with a more detailed, advanced "Motion-3". Also read "Motion Offense Concepts".
The 1-3-1 set also works well in attacking 2-3 zone defenses, the most common zone defense that you will see. Having a single offense that will attack both man-to-man and zone defenses will certainly simplify things for younger teams, and teams that have limited practice time. Also see the simple 1-3-1 zone offense for attacking the 2-3 zone.
Using the 1-3-1 set, O1 is the point, O2 and O3 are the wings, O5 is high post and O4 is low block (see diagram A). O1 starts the play on either side by passing to either O3 or O2. O4 goes to the opposite block from the ball (see diagram B). O5 sets pick for O1. O1 cuts around the pick on the ball side. O3 can pass to the cutting O1 who can take it for the lay-up or shot.
If O1 does not get the pass, he/she continues through and sets pick for O4 (Diagram C). O4 then cuts to the ball-side block to post up. Meanwhile, O5 drifts back to the free throw line, and O2 rotates out to the point. O3 tries to pass to O4. O4 then makes a post move for the shot. If O4 shoots, O1 should get into rebounding position on the opposite side. If the ball is passed out, O1 goes out to the right wing.
Diagram D... if O4 is full-fronted in the low post, O3 passes to O5 at the high post. O4 seals the X4 defender for inside position and steps into the paint for a pass from O5. Optionally, O5 could shot-fake and dribble-drive up the right lane line for a lay-up, with a kick-out option to O1 in the corner.
O3 can pass to the cutting O1, or to the posting O4, or to O5 at the free throw line, or back out to O2. Or O3 can take an open shot.
More High-Post Options:
Defenses may deny (overplay) the pass to the wing, so pass to the high post instead. Notice in diagram HP-1, the wings are being overplayed... so O1 passes to O5. O3 takes his/her defender out high and then suddenly back-cuts for a pass. On the other side, O4 can back-screen for O2.
Diagram HP-2... if your O5 is pretty athletic, let him/her shot-fake and dribble drive to the hoop for a lay-up. There should be no helpside defense if O4 moves out to back-screen for O2. So it's just 1-on-1 for O5... simple stuff often works the best!
Diagram HP-3... another option. Here, O3 doesn't get the pass and cuts through to the right corner. O4 screens for O2 and O2 cuts around O5 for a hand-off and drive to the hoop. Not shown here... if the X5 defender cheats over to stop O2 coming around O5, O5 simply fakes the hand-off and dribble drives to the hoop himself. You could also have O1 cut around O5 for the hand-off if that fits your personnel better.
Diagram HP-4... another simple option, good if your O4 can post up effectively. O4 cuts into the middle of the paint for the quick hi-lo pass from O5.
Run this motion offense either man-to-man or zone defense.
Diagram A. O1 is at the point, O2 and O3 are on the wings, O5 is high post and O4 is low block. It may be helpful to have a good 3-point shooter playing 4, as O4 may get the 3-point corner shot. Try to overload the zone. O1 starts the play on either side by passing to either O2 or O3. O4 sprints to the ball-side corner (see diagram A).
Next (Diagram B), O2 passes to O4 in the corner and cuts through looking for a pass back from O4. If O2 does not receive the pass, he/she goes on through to the opposite side and fills the O3 spot. O1 should rotate over to the 2 (right wing) position, and O3 should now rotate to the 1 position at the point.
O5 waits until O2 has cleared through. If O2 does not get the ball, O5 then cuts down to the low block for a pass from O4. The zone on the right side is now overloaded, and there are now 2 on 1 offensive opportunities.
Now the offensive options are (Diagram C): -- O4 can shoot the 3 pointer, pass to O5 down on the block, or to O1 on the right wing. O1 could then shoot, or skip pass to O2, or reverse it back out to O3 on the point.
Reverse the ball
If there are no good options, reverse the ball quickly to the opposite side. O4 passes to O1, who passes quickly to O3, who then passes to O2. Or if the defense is over-shifted, O1 could skip pass directly to O2. Now, O5 should be back up to the high post position (free throw line). O4 should always follow the ball to the ball-side corner (Diagram D).
Diagram E. Now O2 passes to O4, and cuts through. If O2 doesn't get the pass, he/she goes to the opposite wing. O1 and O3 rotate back to the left. If O2 doesn't get the pass, O5 waits and cuts through to the block.
Diagram F. Now you have all the same options, except now on the left side. O4 can shoot, or pass to O2 or O5 cutting through, or pass back to O3 on the left wing. O3 could step up for a shot or skip pass to O2, or pass out to O1.
Run this against man-to-man defense. I like this set because there are so many simple, effective options and plays that you can run from this. These options use back-screens, screen-seal-roll moves, dribble-penetration with kick-out pass and "dump" pass options, ball-reversal, etc, all common and part of any motion offense. These things teach players how to "play the game", and when they get good at it, you won't even have to call plays, they'll just know what to do.
(Diagram A) O1 at the point, passes to O2, and cuts around O4's screen. O2 passes to O1 for the lay-up. O4 seals the screened defender for inside position.
(Diagram B) If O1 is not open (defense switched the screen), he/she clears out and cuts around O5's screen. At the same time, O4 should have inside position after the sealing on the screen, and cuts to the hoop. O2 passes to O4 for the lay-up. Notice that if the X4 defender over-plays, switches and jams O1's cut, O4 could simply "slip" the screen and cut to the hoop for the pass from O2. O3 rotates out to the point. If O4 is not open on the cut, he/she moves to the ball-side low block position to post up. O2 can still try to pass to O4 who can make a post move. O5 flashes to the ball-side elbow. The pass could go to either O4 or O5.
If O4 or O5 are not open, the ball is reversed back to O3 (diagram C) and then to O1, or directly with a skip pass from O2 to O1. O4 and O5 slide across the lane to the left side. O1 can take the outside shot, or can pass inside to either O5 or O4. You have all of the previously described options available now on the left side.
Optionally, in diagram D, we see a big gap created up the right side of the lane (after our posts moved to the left side). O3 can pass-fake to O1 and then dribble-drive this seam for a lay-up, with a kick-out option to O2 in the corner for a 3-point shot.
If at any time, O5 gets the pass in the high-post, run a "hi-lo" option such as "High-2", especially if the low post is being full-fronted (see diagram below). Or, run "baseline-3", a simple back-screen play with O4 back-screening for O1. O1 gets the pass from O5... if not open, O1 goes through to the short corner, and O4 seals and rolls back to the hoop for the pass and lay-up (see diagram below).
There are other options. O2 or O3 could take the outside shot if open. Also, looking at diagram C above and the bottom right diagram below, with both posts on the right side of the lane, O2 passes the ball on top to O3, and now you could run a "Loyola play" by having O1 drop down to the corner. Dropping O1 to the corner and keeping both posts on the right side really opens the gap on the left side of the lane for a dribble-move by O3. O3 makes the left-handed dribble-move into the seam and could score, kick the pass out to O1 in the corner, or dump it across to O4.
Motion Offense, Simple 2-3 Zone Attack, Loyola, Baseline-3 (a simple back-screen play), Isolation-2 for your talented O2 shooting guard, Slip Play, and High-2 (hi-lo plays).