Basketball Offense - Transition Offense, Fast-Break Offense
By James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook, @ http://www.coachesclipboard.net
"Transition" refers to the process of changing from defense to offense (transition offense), or offense to defense (transition defense). Your transition offense can be a slow, walk-it-up-floor transition, an aggressive fast break transition, or something in between. Each coach has to decide which is best for his team and his personnel. Do you really want an up-tempo fast game, especially if you have a strong half-court game with good post men, or if your guards are not particularly quick, have trouble keeping the ball under control, or are inexperienced?
On the other hand, if your team is quick, with good, experienced ball handlers, an aggressive up-tempo style has advantages.
1. The fast break can produce easy scores.
2. Pushing the ball up the floor quickly puts pressure on the opponent, and they will be constantly worrying about getting back on defense. This thinking may cause them to be less aggressive going for their offensive rebounds, and may keep their point guard from penetrating (thinking he has to stay back to prevent the fast break).
3. An aggressive team attitude on offense will often carry over to your defense and rebounding.
4. An up-tempo game will favor the team that is well-conditioned. A poorly conditioned team will "run out of gas" by the fourth quarter.
5. The fast-break will often break the opponent's press defense.
6. A team that plays up-tempo will usually use more of its bench players, with frequent substitutions. This often creates good team harmony with many players getting playing time. An up-tempo game will favor the team with a "deep bench", with many good substitute players.
7. The players and fans enjoy a well-played up-tempo game.
8. Getting the ball up the floor quickly before the defense is set is a good tactic against zone defenses.
Transition Offensive Basics
The most important rule to inculcate in your players' minds is to always keep under control. You don't want your fast-breaking style to result in turnovers and missed opportunities to score. They have to learn to recognize when to push the break, and when to slow down and stay under control. They must learn not to force bad passes. Some teams like to push the break every opportunity they can (after a steal, defensive rebound, an opponent's score, etc). Some teams only push it up after a steal or a score, or only certain times of the game.
Although this is very basic, young players learning the game must be taught how to transition from defense to offense. Kids must be taught that when an inside, tall player gets a defensive rebound, the rebounder should immediately look to pass to a guard, a good ball-handler, to get the ball up the court, even if you are playing a slow-down game.
Teach your ball-handlers that on every defensive rebound, they must move into a position quickly where the rebounder can pass to them. Coaches often assume kids know this, but like every other fundamental in the game, it must be taught. Rebounders should be taught to take care of the ball after a defensive rebound and make a clean, simple pass to a guard. So often, I see kids work hard for the rebound, only to lose it with a careless outlet pass. Impress your kids that the opponent is often "lurking around" to steal those outlet passes.
Also, some coaches like to assign the same person (usually a post player with good passing skills) to be the inbounds passer each time a basket is made, or the ball is out-of-bounds. Post players should be taught to get up the floor quickly which allows spacing and room for the guards to bring the ball up, and can also result in a long pass and lay-up if the post player beats the defense up the floor.
Running the primary fast break
There are different ways of running the transition offense, but most methods use the idea of filling three lanes coming up the floor, a "trailer", and a "prevent" person (diagram A). The guards, or small forward should run the three lanes. One lane is straight up the middle of the floor, and the other lanes are along each sideline.
Some coaches feel that it doesn't matter which player is in which lane, but just fill each lane position as quickly as possible and "go!". Other coaches teach that the outlet pass always goes to the point guard (the team's best ball handler) in the center, and the outside lanes, trailer and prevent position are assigned to individual players, so each one knows his role.
We like to outlet pass to our point guard on the ball-side sideline-wing area. In fact, even after we get a steal, we want our point guard to get the first pass along the ball-side sideline. So often after a steal, a bad pass is made into traffic and the opponent gets the ball right back. So you have to teach your point guard to be alert and get to the correct sideline for that pass.
After receiving the pass, the point guard then speed dribbles up the center lane. If the break doesn't develop, then just bring it up slowly and avoid the turnover that can happen by getting the ball into the wrong person's hands. Another rule we use... the person who gets the rebound is the last to come up the floor.
When running the primary break, preferably, the ball will be in the center lane, although the break can be run from the wing and can be run with only two lanes filled (as after a quick mid-court steal). The center person should dribble the ball all the way to the free throw lane, and should not make any unnecessary passes prior to that point.
The two outside lanes should cut at 45 degrees to the hoop for a pass from the point, and the lay-up. If the point guard pops the free throw jumper, the wings should crash the boards for the rebound. If neither happens, the wings should cross under the basket and fill the opposite corner or wing, and the point guard should move to the right side of the free throw circle.
Next the "trailer" should cut through the left side of the lane, expecting the pass. The "prevent" player should come up the floor slowly, making sure no opponents are behind him. He prevents the opponent from taking it to the hoop should they steal or intercept the ball. If nothing develops from the break, the team then flows into its usual half-court offensive set.
Starting the break
Coaches differ on how to start the break off a defensive rebound. Some prefer the outlet pass to go to a guard out on the wing (free throw line extended). This guard can either pass to the other guard who is filling the center lane, or dribble quickly and fill the center lane himself.
Other coaches teach getting the outlet pass directly to the point guard in the center of the floor. If you can get this pass through, this is certainly the fastest and easiest way to get the break going, and avoids a dangerous pass to the wing, and a centering pass. It also gets the ball into the hands of your best ball-handler. The point guard should come to the pass, pivot and start the speed dribble up the floor, while the other guard and small forward fill the outside lanes. We prefer to get the ball to our point guard on the ball-side wing (see above).
A successful fast break depends on:
1. Getting the defensive rebound.
2. A good, quick outlet pass.
3. Filling the lanes.
4. Maintaining control. "Be quick, but never hurry."
5. Recognition. Don't force the break or pass if it is not there.
If you find yourself in a 2-on-1 situation when attacking the hoop, your first thought should be to score or get fouled. You should attack the hoop at an angle along the lane line (see Diagram below). Your teammate should be at the opposite low block looking for the pass or rebound. If the defender comes up, or sets to take the charge, pull up and pass to your teammate. See the 2-on-1 drill.
In this situation, there are two defenders back and the offense has the middle and two outside lanes filled. Usually, one defender will stop the ball at the top, and one stays inside down low. The point guard should not penetrate beyond the free-throw line or elbow. He/she should look for the wing slashing toward the hoop and make the pass to the open wing, who then has a 2-on-1 situation with the low defender and should look to score or get fouled as the first option (Diagram A below).
Over-passing on the move sometimes results in a turnover and a missed opportunity. If the defender sets to take the charge, dish either to the teammate on the opposite block, or back to the point guard for the easy shot from the elbow (Diagram B).
Here are several drills that will help your transition offense.
Secondary Fast Break
When the primary fast break is not possible, run a secondary break. Having a secondary break is often helpful in getting quick baskets in transition, before the defense can get down the floor. Also a good secondary break can flow directly into your half-court offense. A good use of the secondary break is after the opponent scores. We inbound the ball quickly and get it moving up the floor. See these articles:
Copyright © 2001 - 2014, James A. Gels, all rights reserved.
Bruce Weber: Drills for Breaking Full-and Half-Court Presses
By Bruce Weber, University of Illinois Head Coach; 2005 NCAA Runner-Up. In this DVD, Coach Weber assembles the pieces that make up a successful press attack; it must be simple, provide continuity and be consistent. Features of this presentation include Press Attack by Fast Break, which requires a quick inbounds pass to the point guard up the floor. Nine drills are shown... (more info)
Secrets of the North Carolina Secondary Break
By Roy Williams, University of North Carolina Head Coach, 2005 National Champions, 4X Time National "Coach of the Year," Winningest Active Coach in College Basketball. After 17 years as a head coach, Roy Williams unveils the secrets to the North Carolina Secondary Break! It all started with legendary coach Dean Smith at North Carolina and was "passed down" to Coach Williams... (more info)
Roy Williams: Tar Heel Offense & Transition Drills
with Roy Williams, University of North Carolina Head Coach; 2009 and 2005 NCAA Champions.
- Explore the secrets of the Tar Heel offense with four-time National Coach of the Year, Roy Williams
- Get easy baskets using this tournament-tested transition offense.
- Discover drills to improve your primary and secondary breaks.
- This offensive system guided North Carolina to 90.2 points per game in 2009.
Many of Roy Williams' current beliefs were developed in his early days of coaching high school basketball in North Carolina. This basketball DVD will illustrate the "Tar Heel Running Game" with the use of players in an impressive on-court demonstration. This style relies on running the floor and sharing the ball with teammates. Advantages of this style are that the running game negates the defense's ability to get set, which leads to many easy baskets. Coach Williams covers his three offensive rules against a set defense... (more info)
Mike Krzyzewski: Duke Basketball - Breaking the Press
with Mike Krzyzewski "Coach K", Duke University Head Men's Basketball Coach; NABC "Coach of the Decade," 12X NABC "Coach of the Year," Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame (2001), 3X NCAA National Championships ('91, '92,'01).
- Learn how to break any press on your basketball team from the National Association of Basketball Coaches Coach of the Decade, Mike Krzyzewski
- Basketball drills for beating any press
- Numerous tips and insights to all your team to enter the offense quicker and create scoring opportunities without generating turnovers
More and more teams are using half-court, three-quarter court and full-court zone presses to disrupt their opponents' continuity and produce turnovers. With this in mind, Coach K takes the court at Cameron Indoor Stadium to share his effective press break drills and his revered coaching philosophy. (Examples: … "players need to acquire the basic skill of catching the ball by meeting the pass" … "most teams need to cut down on the dribbling … use passing to advance the ball quicker!"). Coach Krzyzewski guides you through a series of effective drills used to break the 2-1-2 half-court press, 1-3-1 half-court press, 2-2-1 three-quarter court press and the 1-2-1-1 full-court press... (more info)
Tom Izzo: The Numbered Fastbreak
with Tom Izzo, Michigan State University Head Coach; 2000 NCAA Champs, 3X National "Coach of the Year".
- Learn the numbered fast break from three-time National Coach of the Year, Tom Izzo
- Tactics for having a successful fast break
- Two- and three-man drills are first step in building a productive fast break
Coach Tom Izzo believes in scoring quickly by pushing the ball up the floor. The numbered break puts each player in a position to score. Izzo stresses that this fastbreak limits turnover and confusion by players. Two- and three-man drills are the first step in building a productive fast break. These drills can serve as a warm-up and are good for conditioning. Other drills... (more info)
Billy Donovan: The Unstoppable Transition Game
with Billy Donovan, University of Florida Head Coach; 2007 & 2006 NCAA Champions,
2000 NCAA Runner-up; One of only two people ever to serve as head coach, assistant coach, and player in a Final Four.
Coach Donovan shares concepts for winning transition basketball that are usable at any level of basketball! The basis for his offensive philosophy is imbedded in fundamental skill and player mentality. Donovan demonstrates the drills that helped turn his inexperienced team into a "teamwork machine." Practice drills are the Two-Man Sideline drill, Three-Man Sideline drill and Five Cycles drill. A popular peer pressure drill is the "Laker Fastbreak" drill, where the ball is not allowed to touch the floor. The Gator transition game is based on concepts instead of patterns, which offers many obstacles for the defense.... (more info)