Basketball Offense - Screening Zone DefensesBy Dr. James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook
A few nights ago, I watched (on TV) the Pitt Panthers take apart Syracuse's Jim Boeheim's famed 2-3 zone defense. Now, Syracuse's 2-3 zone is one of the best zones out there, as the Orangemen won the NCAA National Championship with it in 2003. I was impressed with how Jamie Dixon's Pitt team got the ball inside with relative ease, mainly by screening the top two defenders in zone, usually a ball-screen, then sealing the defender and rolling inside for the pass.
I am convinced that one of most effective ways of attacking zones is by screening the zone. Yes, quick perimeter passing, over-shifting and overloading the zone, dribble-penetrating the gaps, beating the zone up the floor, etc. are all important key elements of any good zone attack (see Zone Offense).
But screening the zone and sealing (pinning) zone defenders are also great ways to get the ball inside. And getting the ball inside is very important. You don't want to just settle for outside jump-shots all night. You have to get the ball inside to get high percentage shots, force their "bigs" to play defense (and expose them to foul trouble), and you want to get to the free-throw line.
Screening the 2-3 ZoneFirst, let's take a look at what Pitt seemed to be doing against Syracuse... keeping in mind that it always helps enormously to have the great inside athletes that Pitt has.
In diagram A, we see the 2-3 zone, O4 is at the high post (1-3-1 set). As the ball is passed from O1 to O3, the X1 defender closes-out on the ball. O4 will ball-screen X1, and the ball is passed back to O1, which engages the X2 defender who closes-out on O1 (diagram B).
Meanwhile, O4 seals the X1 defender and cuts inside and gets the open pass from O1. O4 can shoot here, attack with one-dribble and a jump shot, pass inside to O5, or kick it out to O2 on the wing. If O4 does not receive the pass, he floats down in the gap along the ballside lane line as the ball is passed to O2 (diagram C). O4 will end up near the block.
As O4 gets to the low block the opposite post O5 X-cuts to the ball-side elbow (diagram D), and he could get the pass here from O2. As the ball is passed back out to O1 (diagram E), O5 ball-screens. O1 passes to O3 and O5 seals the X2 defender and cuts inside for the pass from O3 (diagram F), and now O5 has the same inside options.
If O5 does not receive the pass, he finds the gap along the ballside lane line (diagram G), and will move down to the block. This triggers O4 to cut to the ballside elbow, and we are back where we started in diagram A. Diagram H shows O4 ball-screening once again.
Ball-screening the top two defenders, combined with the posts working together and X-cutting, was very effective for Pitt.
Let's look at some other ways of screening the 2-3 zone.
Premium Members section and the Deluxe USB and downloads. It also includes additional ways of screening the 2-3 zone, screening the 1-3-1 zone and screening the 1-2-2 zone.
Also see: Anchors Zone Offense
Bob Knight: Encyclopedia of Zone Offense
with Bob Knight, former head coach at Texas Tech and Indiana University; 4X National Coach of the Year.
Tom Izzo: The 1-3-1 Zone Offense
with Tom Izzo, Michigan State University Men's Basketball Head Coach.
Bill Self: "Basic" and "Motion" 3-Out 2-In Zone Offenses
with Bill Self, University of Kansas Head Coach.
Jim Boeheim's Complete Guide to Zone Offense
with Jim Boeheim, Head Coach, Syracuse University.
Mike Krzyzewski: Duke Basketball Attacking the Zone
with Mike Krzyzewski "Coach K", Duke University Head Men's Basketball Coach
Geno Auriemma: The Simplified Zone Offense
Head Women's Coach UConn, 11 times NCAA Women's Basketball National Championships; 8 times National "Coach of the Year"
The Dribble Drive Zone Offense
with Jerry Petitgoue, Cuba City HS (WI) Head Boys Basketball Coach, 3 times Wisconsin State Championships.
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