Basketball Defense - Selecting a Press Defense(s)By Dr. James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook... lots of great basketball stuff. Come on - join us!
Categories of Press Defenses:
Press defense extends your defense into the opponent's back-court. Before selecting and teaching a defensive press system, you must first decide whether an uptempo, pressing defense is best for your team. Do have team quickness, well-conditioned athletes, and a good bench? Will your players "buy into", or be committed to a pressing defense? There are man-to-man and zone presses. Our favorite (high school varsity level) is the full-court matchup press "system", initially pioneered by Rick Pitino at Kentucky.
Advantages of a Good Press DefenseA good press can quickly produce back-court turnovers, steals and easy baskets for your team. So it is an offensive weapon as such, and a way to come from behind, or a way to break open a close game, and a way to wear down an slower, less well-conditioned opponent.
It may help nullify the opponent's "bigs", who may labor to get up and down the floor. You can turn the game into a "track meet", rather than a slow-down game that favors the opponent's big post players.
The press keeps the opponent off-balance, changes the tempo of the game, and often has the opponent doing things they don't normally like to do. It often forces the opposing coach to use valuable time-outs. It favors a well-conditioned team with a deep bench, and with more substitutions, allows more of your players to get playing time.
Disadvantages of a Press DefenseA fair amount of practice time is required to develop a good, cohesive press. Also, remember that any press is a gamble (especially trapping defenses). You risk giving up the easy transition lay-up, and you have to be willing to accept that fact.
If your players are not well-conditioned, fatigue can become a factor. Your players may be more apt to foul and get into foul trouble, so a good bench is very valuable in this regard as well as the fatigue issue. But you might want to press only in certain situations (e.g. after a made basket), or certain times of the game, as a "surprise" tactic.
See Transition Defense for important principles that apply to all press defenses.
Full-Court Man-to-Man Pressure DefenseFull-court "pressure" defense is simple man-to-man defense extended over the full-court. This defense is excellent for youth teams who must learn to play man-to-man defense, and it is easy to teach, requiring less practice time than other press defenses.
Players use and learn the same basic concepts of man-to-man defense (on-ball, deny and help-side defense, just extended to the full-court). There is little risk, or gambling, with this defense. I believe this press would probably be less effective at higher levels where good ball-handlers and dribblers could break it down.
Bob Kloppenburg's Full-Court SOS Pressure Defense - transition and full-court aspects of the SOS defense.
Zone Press DefenseZone presses have the defenders start in a certain formation, such as a 1-2-1-1, 1-2-2, 2-2-1, etc. and feature pressuring the ball and trapping. You can categorize zone presses by where the press starts on the court:
- full-court ("80"), where there is a defender guarding the inbound passer (e.g. 1-2-1-1 zone press)
- 3/4 court ("60"), where there is nobody guarding the inbound passer (e.g. 2-2-1 zone press)
- half-court ("40") where the press starts at, (or just beyond) the half-court line (e.g. 1-2-2 Viking press)
1-2-1-1 "diamond" zone press... try to tip the inbounds pass, trap the first pass in the corner, or along the sideline. Vulnerable along the sidelines at half-court, but you can adjust to a 1-2-2 (but then there is no defender back deep as a safety).
2-2-1 zone press... allow the inbounds pass (to the corner), get the ball-handler to commit, and then aggressively trap and rotate.
Coach Sar's 3/4-court 1-2-2 press... Coach Ken Sartini's pressing system.
3-1-1 3/4-court press... a zone press that you can use against teams that show a "3-Up" press-breaker. A 3-2 adjustment is included.
Match-up Press DefensesOur match-up press defense is a more complicated "system" of presses than simple zone presses and involves a fair amount of practice time. We begin teaching this system at the freshmen and JV levels, and try to fine-tune it at the varsity level. It has the advantage of always having pressure on the ball no matter what press-breaker alignment the offense uses.
The match-up press is different from a zone press in that we have our defenders all match-up with someone when the ball is inbounded... much like man-to-man defense, so it doesn't matter what press-breaker the opponent uses. Techniques such as "cut & double", "run & jump", and "run & double" are presented.
Full-court ("80") presses of various alignments (1-Up, 2-Up, 3-Up and 4-Up), as well as a "staggered" press are discussed. Additionally, two deny presses, "81" and "61", are presented. Use these drills "Match-up Press Drills", and see "Teaching Basketball by Progression".
Trapping with a Trailer Defender by Coach Joao Costa... another way to match-up.
Half-Court Press DefensesHalf-court presses start at, or just beyond, the half-court line. These presses are less of a gamble, since all five defenders are back in the half-court. Usually these defenses try to trap the ball as it comes across half-court, in the half-court corner on either side, while the other defenders look to intercept a poor pass made out of the trap. These presses are usually easier to teach and conditioning is less of an issue.
1-2-2 Viking Press Defense... a very effective half-court press when run correctly.
2-2-1 Half-Court Press Defense... another half-court trapping press defense.
Deny Press Defenses"Deny" presses are used to deny the inbounds pass, hopefully resulting in either intercepting the inbounds pass, or getting the 5-second call. The defenders play in the passing lanes between the ball and their man.
A deny press is needed in a close game, in an attempt to get the ball back after a made basket, or whenever the opponent has to inbound the ball. It can also be used from time-to-time during the course of a game as a surprise tactic. Several deny presses are presented as adjustments to a main press.
Man-to-Man Pressure Defense... "41", a full-court deny press defense.
2-2-1 Zone Press... a deny press is included.
Match-up Press Defense... "81" and "61" deny presses are included.
In summary, the press(es) that you decide to use should be based on your and your players' level of committment to press defense, the age and skill level of your players, the amount of practice time that you have available, your teams's quickness and athleticism, and the depth of your bench.
How you use the press is also key. Do you want to use it the entire game, to fatigue your opponent and make their "bigs" less effective? Do you just want to use it from time-to-time during the game as a surprise tactic, or to make the offense less comfortable? Or do you have a big slow team that would be better off just sprinting back on defense and play a slower half-court game?
"Keith Haske: Uptempo Basketball - Pressure Defense/Pressure Offense"
With Keith Haske, Traverse City St. Francis Head Coach, former Charlevoix Rayder Head Coach.
2 DVDs plus eBook included!
"As Coach Haske's assistant for many years, much of what I have learned has come from Coach Haske." - Coach Gels, Coach's Clipboard
Billy Donovan: Mastering the Full-Court Match-Up Press
with Billy Donovan, Head Coach Oklahoma City Thunder, former University of Florida Head Coach.
Simplified Run & Jump Press
with Forrest Larson, Lake Geneva Badger HS varsity coach.
The White/Black Full-Court Match-Up Press Defense
with Bobby Gonzalez, Seton Hall University Head Coach
Gary Williams: The Complete Guide to Full-Court Pressure Defense
with Gary Williams, former University of Maryland Head Coach.
Jim Calhoun: The 2-2-1 Press
with Jim Calhoun, former Head Coach UConn.
2-2-1 Press for High School Basketball
with Kevin Sutton, former collegiate assistant coach and high school head coach.