Basketball 4-Out, 1-In Motion Offense -- "Low" PlaysFrom the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook, @ www.coachesclipboard.net
First read 4-Out, 1-In Motion Offense. You can make the 4-out offense as complicated, or keep it as simple, as you want. We typically do not use all of these plays in one season. We use those plays that best suit our current team personnel.
Next season, as our players change, we may use other plays and options. Use those that will best benefit your team. Don't overload your players and try to teach too many of these at once. Also see the 4-Out High plays.
The following plays are used in conjunction with the "Low" set, i.e. with our post player playing low. In teaching our 4-Out system, we first teach the basic offense(s), and then add a few of these plays as the season progresses. Here are several set plays that you can run out of the 4-Out offense: Big, Big-15, Big-Left, Big-Down, Big-43, Big-Double, Loyola, Florida, Double, Scissors, Loyola-2, 53, 34, 13 and 24, Black, 52-Curl, 14, weave-screen plays, Purdue, and Penn.
"Big"-SeriesThe "Big" series of plays gives you many options. Learn the basic "Big" and "Big-Down" plays, and then add other options gradually.
"Big"We like to use this play if we think our inside post player can beat his/her defender 1-on-1 with a post move. This is a great play also if the post defender is in foul trouble as it exposes him/her to another fouling situation, or he/she may simply play "soft" defense and allow us to score. We like the "hi-lo" feed to the low post coming from the top, as there is usually no helpside defense when the ball is at the top.
See the diagrams below. O1 dribbles off toward the right wing as O2 locates in the corner. O4 moves to the top of the key and O1 passes to O4. O5 makes an aggressive post-up in the paint and O4 tries to make the "hi-lo" pass inside to O5 (oftentimes a "step-around" left-handed curl-bounce pass). O5 scores or gets fouled. This is our first option. The pass from O4 to O5 must happen quickly so as to avoid O5 getting a three-second violation. Timing is important.
After O1 passes to O4, O2 backscreens for O1, and O1 slides to the wing-corner area. If the pass inside to O5 is denied, O4 could skip-pass over the top to O1. O1 could shoot the three-pointer, or pass inside to O5 who posts up on the ball-side as soon as the pass goes to O1. Another option that we use when the pass from O4 to O5 is being denied is to have O4 fake a pass to O5, and make a quick dribble move to the hoop around the right side of the defender.
"15"After you run "Big" a couple times, the defense may be looking for this play and may overplay and deny the pass from O1 to O4. In this case, O4 can simply backcut up the right side of the lane and get the pass from O1 for the lay-up. Another option is, instead of O1 passing to O4, O1 passes inside directly to O5 posting up. We call this option "15".
"Big-Left"This is the same play as "Big" except that we run it on the left side of the court. Both post players O4 and O5 move to the right side of the lane, and this opens the left lane seam for O1 to dribble-penetrate (similar to Loyola) as a first option.
If the dribble-drive is not open, O1 dribbles to the top left side and O4 moves to the top right position. O2, O3, and O5 are in their usual positions. The pass goes from O1 to O4, and then O4 to O5 posting up inside, just like in "Big". The same "Big" options are in play... O3 backscreens for O1 and the pass could go over the top to O1 if O5 is denied the inside pass.
"Big-Down" or "54"Now look at the diagrams below. We may have a situation where we think O4 could effectively post-up his/her defender, or maybe the X4 defender has four fouls. In this case we run "Big-Down" (or "54"). This is the same play as "Big", except we start with O4 down-screening for O5, who comes up top and receives the pass from O1. O4 posts-up inside for the pass from O5. In diagram B, we again have the option of O5 skip passing to O1 in the corner, similar to "Big" above.
"Big-43"This is another option using the "Big" setup. See the diagrams below. O5 moves out to the short corner to open up the inside. O1 passes to O4. O4 passes to O3, follows the pass and sets a ball-screen for O3. O3 dribbles around the screen and attacks the top seam for a shot or lay-up. O4 pops outside to the arc. If O2's defender is in helpside, O3 can kick the ball outside to O2 in the corner for the 3-point shot. A dump pass to O5 might also be there.
"Big-Double"This is another option off "Big". The first part is designed to get O2 an open 3-point shot, or a dribble-drive to the hoop. See the diagrams A-F below.
Diagram A: The pass goes from O1 to O4 and from O4 to O3. O1 and O4 set a staggered double-screen for O2.
Diagram B: O5 moves to the right block. O2 cuts around the staggered screens looking for the pass from O3 and the 3-point shot, or a dribble-drive up the left lane line, as our first options.
Diagram C: If the pass at the top to O2 is denied, O2 back-cuts through, still looking for the pass from O3 and a lay-up. O4 screens for O1. O1 now comes around the screen looking for the pass from O3 at the top. After the screen, O4 moves to the right wing.
Diagram D: O1 could shoot the 3-pointer here. If not, O3 down-screens for O2 and O5 back-screens for O4, and O4 cuts to the hoop.
Diagram E: A pass from O1 to any of the cutters is an option. O2 could get the 3-point shot, or O3 and O4 could get the pass inside.
Diagram F: If nothing happens, O1 dribbles right and we rotate back into the 4-out set, with O4 in the right corner now, and O1 and O2 on top, and O3 in his/her usual spot on the left side.
"Loyola"We call this "Loyola" because the "L" in Loyola stands for the left seam that we want our point guard, O1, to take off the dribble. This play is designed to get our O1 to attack the left seam, especially if the defense is overplaying the right side. We use this against man-to-man defenses. Start in our "Big" setup (Diagram A). You can run this out of the 4-out set, a 1-3-1 set, or a 3-out, 2-in set with one post player high.
Notice how the left seam really opens up for our point guard (O1) when O5 and O4 move to the right block and elbow, and O3 drops down to the corner.
O1 dribbles left and attacks the left seam, looking to score a layup as the first option (Diagram B), while O5 backscreens for O4 and then backscreens for O2. O4 moves to the block and O2 moves out on top as our safety. If O3's defender slides down and stops O1, O1 passes out to O3 in the corner (Diagram C) and then O1 screens for O4. O4 cuts to the ball-side block, as O1 moves out to the opposite corner-wing area. O3 could shoot or pass inside to O4 posting up.
If O3 takes the corner shot, O5 should get rebounding position on the backside for the long rebound.
"Weave-Screen Plays"The weave screen (or "W") plays are simple hand-off plays that can free up a perimeter player for either an outside shot, or a dibble-drive to the hoop. The diagrams below show a 3-out, 2-in set, but these plays can also be run with the 4-Out and 5-Out sets.
"W2", where O1 dribbles at O2 (diagram A), hands the ball off to O2 and screens the X2 defender. O2 comes around the screen for a 3-point shot, or a dribble-drive to the lane (diagram B).
After running this a couple times, the X2 defender will often cheat out over O1 and try to stop the hand-off... here we run the "back" counter option, where O2 reads this and simply back-cuts for the pass from O1 and the lay-up.
"W3" would be the same play, but run at O3... O1 dribbles at O3, and O3 gets the hand-off and shot. "W4" would be the same play as "34" described above.
"Florida"Submitted by Mark Lane, Ohio Express Basketball and Miller Lady Falcons Basketball.
This is a simple flare-screen play that can get you an open 3-point shot for O1, or a "slip" cut and lay-up for O2. In diagram A, O1 passes to O4, as O2 comes up and sets a flare-screen (back-screen) for O1. O1 cuts hard over the screen to the wing (diagram B) and gets the two-handed overhead pass from O4 for the open 3-point shot. Another option is to feed the post O5 here.
Diagram C shows what happens if the defense switches the flare-screen. O1 will not be open on the switch. Instead, O2 reads the switch, seals the X1 defender and slip-cuts to the hoop for the pass and lay-up.
An important pointer... make sure that the flare-screen is set high, almost at the lane line extended, as this creates good spacing for the pass to wing O1. If that screen is set too low, oftentimes the spacing is not good for either the pass or a shot.
"Double"Submitted by Mark Lane, Ohio Express Basketball and Miller Lady Falcons Basketball.
It's "double" because of the double-screen inside for O1. In diagram A, O1 passes to O4. Note that O3 has moved inside below O5 to set a double-screen for O1. As O1 cuts around the screens to the ball-side corner, O4 dribbles down to the wing and might pass to O1 in the corner for a 3-point shot.
After O1 clears the double-screen, O3 cuts around O5 up to the ball-side elbow and gets the pass from O4 (diagram B). O3 shot-fakes and dribbles into the paint for a possible short jump-shot, or could pass to O2 back-cutting from the right corner (diagram C).
"Scissors"Submitted by Mark Lane, Ohio Express Basketball and Miller Lady Falcons Basketball.
O5 starts low (either side) and cuts to the free-throw line and receives the pass from O1 (diagram A). O1 and O4 "scissors-cut" around O5 (diagram B) and either one could get the hand-off or a "dump-down" bounce-pass from O5. The two cutters have to time their cuts so they are not simultaneous and running into each other. You could have O1 cut first and then O4, or vice-versa. After cutting, both move out to the corners, as O2 and O3 rotate up to the wings. Although not shown here, here's another option (if you have an athletic O5)... after both cutters clear, O5 shot-fakes and takes the defender 1-on-1 with a dribble-drive to the hoop.
If nothing develops, O5 passes out to either wing, follows the pass and ball-screens for the wing (O2 in diagram C), and runs the pick and roll with the wing player. O2 looks to attack off the screen for either a pull-up jump-shot, a take to the hoop and a lay-up, a pass to O5 rolling off the screen, or a kick-out pass to either O3 or O1 for 3-point shots. If O2 stops short on the dribble, O3 could back-cut to the hoop for a pass from O2 and a lay-up.
"Loyola-2"This play is similar to the "Loyola" play above. However... (more)
"53"This is a simple back-screen, pin and roll play... (more)
"34"We especially like this play if we have good athletic O4 who can shoot or attack the basket... (more)
"13"There are two ways of running this play... (more)
"24""24" is the same play as "13", except it is run to the right side... (more)
"Black"You can run this left or right... The opposite top perimeter player, sets a down-screen for the lower perimeter player... (more)
"52-Curl"We like this play when we have good athletic O2 who can shoot or attack the basket, and especially in O2 is left-handed... (more)
"14"We run this play out of either the "4-Low" set (4-out motion offense) or the 3-out,2-in motion offense. We especially like this play if we have good athletic O4 who can shoot or attack the basket... (more)
"Purdue"In our normal offensive scheme, we like to have our point-guard O1 dribble-drive the seams and kick out to a shooter on the perimeter. But some years, our O1 is our best outside shooter and we'd like to have someone else dribble-drive and kick out pass to O1.
We also especially like this play if we have good athletic O4 who can shoot and attack the basket. This play is unusual in it's simplicity in that it involves no screens (other than the hand-off screen), but relies on player movement, rotation, and passing... (more).
"Penn"We start in the 4-Out "Low" set. This play starts just like "Purdue" above, but gives O2 a chance to attack the top left seam... (more).
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