Basketball Shooting - Shooting a Hook Shot, by Dr. Hal WisselFrom the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook
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From former NBA coach Hal Wissel (see bio below).
The advantage of the hook shot is that it is difficult to block, even by taller opponents. The hook shot is generally limited to an area close to the basket, a range of 10 to 12 feet. Learn to shoot the hook shot with either hand to greatly increase your effectiveness in the post or when driving into the lane.
When well executed, the hook forces an opponent to over-play you, and a fake hook can create an opening in the opposite direction for a power move, drive, or pass. Contrary to popular belief, the hook shot is not difficult to learn. With practice, you will be able to use your weak as well as your strong hand for shooting the hook shot.
Start in a balanced stance with your back to the basket, feet spread shoulder-width apart, and knees flexed. Sight your target by looking over your shoulder in the direction you will turn to shoot.
Within a 45-degree angle of the backboard (above the box and below the middle hash mark on the lane line), accuracy is aided by using the backboard to soften the shot. When banking the shot, aim for the top near corner of the box on the back-board. If you are not at a 45-degree angle, aim just over the rim.
In most instances, you will make a ball fake in the opposite direction of your intended shot. After your fake, move your shooting hand under and your non-shooting hand behind and slightly on top of the ball.
Flex the elbow of your shooting arm and position it at your hip, keeping the ball in direct alignment with your shooting shoulder. This is called the hook shot position or lock-in position (recommended key word is "Lock!").
Use the foot opposite your shooting side and step away from your defender. As you step, hold the ball back and protect it with your head and shoulders, rather than leading with the ball. As you step, dip your knee and pivot in, turning your body toward the basket (recommended key word "Legs!"). Lift the knee on your shooting side and jump off your pivot foot.
Shoot by lifting the ball to the basket with a hook motion as you extend your shooting arm in an ear-to-ear direction (recommended key word is "Lift!"). Flex your wrist and fingers toward the target and release the ball off your index finger, keeping your non-shooting hand on the ball until the release.
Follow through completely. Land in balance, ready to rebound any missed shot with two hands and score using a power move. A missed hook shot should be thought of as a pass to yourself. A defender attempting to block your hook shot will not be in position to box out and prevent you from getting the rebound.
Hook Shot Errors and Corrections
Error: As you shoot the hook shot, you lose protection and control of the ball.
Correction: You are taking your non-shooting hand off the ball too soon. Keep your non-shooting hand on the ball until you release it.
Error: Your hook shot is short.
Correction: Short is due to not using your legs, a slow rhythm, or not following through. Use feel to determine the error. Use a down and up motion of your legs for power. Say key words "Lock, legs, lift!" in an even rhythm from the start of your shot to release of the ball. Follow through by extending your arm completely on every shot.
Error: Your hook shot is long.
Correction: Put a higher arc on your hook shot by lifting your arm higher.
Error: Your right-handed hook shot hits the right side of the rim, and your left-handed hook shot hits the left side of the rim.
Correction: You are bringing your arm in front of your head on the follow-through. Start by holding the ball in hook shot position, your shooting elbow aligned with your hip, allowing you to extend your arm with an ear-to-ear motion straight to the basket.
Error: Your right-handed hook shot hits the left side of the rim, and your left-handed hook shot hits the right side of the rim.
Correction: You are bringing your arm behind your head on the follow-through. Start by holding the ball in hook shot position, your shooting elbow aligned with your hip, allowing you to extend your arm with an ear-to-ear motion straight to the basket.
Error: The hook shot hits the rim and rather than pulling in, the ball circles out or skims from front to back and out.
Correction: You probably started your hook shot with your hands on the sides of the ball or rotated them to the side as you shot, or release the ball off your ring finger instead of your index finger, causing side rotation on the ball. Both mistakes produce sidespin instead of backspin. Start in hook shot position, your shooting elbow aligned with your hip.
Place your shooting hand under the ball and your balance hand slightly behind and on top of the ball. Release the ball off your index finger to get backspin, and the ball will pull in if it hits the rim.
Hook Shot Drills
Hook Shot Warm-Up
In this drill, you will shoot hook shots with both your strong and weak hands. Start with your head under the front of the rim, facing the sideline in a balanced stance. Hold the ball in hook shot posi-tion with your shooting elbow at your side, your shooting hand under the ball, and your balance hand slightly behind and on top of the ball.
Shoot the hook by lifting the ball to the basket in an ear-to-ear motion, keeping your balance hand on the ball until the release. Say the key words "Lock, legs, lift!" in an even rhythm from the start of your shot to release of the ball. Use two hands to catch the ball as it comes through the basket or to rebound on a missed shot. Treat a missed shot as a pass to yourself. Record the number of consecutive hook shots made with each hand.
Hook Shot Warm-Up with Crossover Step
After you can make five consecutive warm-up hook shots with each hand, move to the hook shot with a crossover step. Start with your head under the front of the rim. Face the sideline while holding the ball in hook shot position.
Make a crossover step toward the foul line with your inside foot, the one that is closer to the basket, and shoot a hook shot. Pivot toward the basket on the crossover step and lift your shooting-side knee as you shoot. Say the key words "Lock, legs, lift!" in an even rhythm from the start of your shot to release of the ball. Record the number of consecutive hook shots made with each hand.
Alternate Hand Hook Shooting (Mikan Drill)
In this drill, you will alternate shooting right-handed and left-handed bank hook shots using a cross-over step. For the first shot, use your right hand. Start under the rim, facing the right sideline. Hold the ball in hook shot position with your right hand under the ball.
Execute a crossover step with your inside foot at a 45-degree angle, pivoting toward the basket on the step and lifting your right knee as you shoot. Shoot a right-handed bank hook shot, aiming for the high near corner of the box on the backboard. Catch the ball with two hands after either a made shot or a rebound. Place the ball in hook shot position with your left hand under the ball. Face the left sideline and make a crossover step with your right foot at a 45-degree angle.
Pivot and shoot a left-handed bank shot. Catch the ball with two hands. Continue the drill, alternating between right and left-handed hook shots. Say the key words "Lock, legs, lift!" in an even rhythm from the start of each shot to release of the ball. Record the number of consecutive hook shots made when alternating hands.
Coach Wissel has a wealth of NBA experience as an Assistant Coach with the Atlanta Hawks, Memphis Grizzlies and New Jersey Nets. Hal was also Director of Player Personnel with the Nets and Advance Scout with the Milwaukee Bucks and Dallas Mavericks. As a head college coach, Wissel compiled over 300 victories. Hal coached Florida Southern College to the 1981 Division II NCAA Championship. Coach Wissel is well known for his ability to develop players.
Coach Hal Wissel
- Basketball: Steps to Success has been translated into three languages.
- Becoming a Basketball Player has been made into five excellent shooting DVD's.
Coach Wissel's Shooting Articles
Edited from: Wissel, Hal. (2004). Basketball: Steps to Success. Second edition. Human Kinetics, Champaigh, IL.
Wissel, Hal. (2005). Basketball Shooting: Confidence, Rhythm and Mechanics. Basketball World, Suffield, CT.
Wissel, Hal. (2005). Basketball Shooting: Off the Pass, Off the Dribble and In the Post. Basketball World, Suffield, CT.
Hal Wissel's FIVE shooting DVD's - available at: www.basketballworld.com