Basketball Offense - Kansas 2-3 Zone OffenseBy Dr. James Gels, from the Coach’s Clipboard Basketball Playbook, @ www.coachesclipboard.net
The 2-3 zone defense is the most commonly used zone defense, designed to stop the inside game. Good outside shooting can rip this zone apart. But you still need to get the ball inside, especially late in the game, or when your shooters are not hitting. Presented here are clinic notes from Bill Self, Kansas head coach, discussing 2-3 zone offense.
Coach Self has been head men's coach at the University of Kansas since 2003, after coaching at Oral Roberts, Tulsa, and Illinois. In his seven seasons with the Jayhawks, he has complied a record of 202-43, and 409-148 lifetime. His 2008 Kansas team won the NCAA National Championship and he was named coach of the year. Coach Self was named National Coach of the Year by The Sporting News in 2000 and 2009, Associated Press in 2009, CBS/Chevrolet in 2009, ESPN.com in 2009, and USBWA Henry Iba Award winner in 2009. He was named the Big 12 Coach of the Year in 2006 and 2009.
Coach Bill Self
Coach Self starts with a 3-out, 2-in set with both post players low (diagram A). He discusses two main types of zone offense... (1) the "stationary" zone offense and the (2) "motion" zone offense. One common thing is that most good shots will come on or after the second or third "side" (ball-reversal)... not usually the first pass to the wing. You have to get the ball moving and make the zone move and shift.
"Stationary" 2-3 Zone Offense
Stationary means that the perimeter players, for the most part, are relatively stationary and move the zone by passing the ball quickly... like a "hot potato". We don't want perimeter players holding or dribbling the ball much... we want quick passing and ball-reversal, in addition to looking inside for our post players. This doesn't preclude a perimeter player from dribble-penetrating a gap, but that's not the main focus here. Again, the best shots are usually after a few "sides". Follow the player rotation rules now. Most of these rules govern how post players move.
Pass to the wingIn diagram A, we start with both posts low, a 3-2 set. When the ball is passed from the point to either wing, the opposite low post player flashes to the ball-side elbow. Before cutting to the elbow, the post player (here O5) starts the cut and then if the defender is bumping or denying his cut, he simply seals the defender and could get a lob pass from the wing... but if not there, he cuts to the elbow. In the college men's game, guys are playing above the rim, and the lob pass is a good option, but maybe not as good for younger, shorter, less athletic teams.
Pass from wing to low postIn diagram B, if the ball is passed into the low post, the player at the elbow (O5) dives into the lane for a possible pass from O4, and then relocates at the opposite low block or short corner.
Wing to wing skip passOn a wing-to-wing skip pass (diagram C), both posts simply cut across the lane to the ball-side.
Low post to opposite wing skip passDiagram D... if the low post player skip-passes out to the wing or the top, the post player at the free-throw line (O5), makes a "crack-back" block or screen on O4's defender and O4 cuts into the lane (diagram E) for a possible pass from the wing. After screening, the screener O5 seals and cuts to the ball-side block and could be open for the pass from the wing (diagram F).
Point to wing pass with one post player already at the high postDiagram G... O5 is already at the high post when O1 passes to O3. Here the high post player cuts to the ball-side low block and posts up.
Getting the ball inside via the short cornerDiagram H... if the wing player takes one dribble toward the top, this triggers the ball-side low post player to move to the short corner and the opposite low post to flash to the ball-side elbow (diagram H). Now O5 gets the pass from the wing in the short corner (diagram I), and O4 dives to the basket for a pass from the short corner.
Skip pass from short corner to the topDiagram J... again the skip pass from inside to outside triggers the "crack-back" block ( a post on post down-screen). Here the opposite post O4 makes the crack-back block, and O5 cuts around O4. If O5 doesn't get the quick pass inside, he/she moves to the opposite block or short corner. The screener O4 seals the defender and could get the pass from the top for the layup (diagram K).
Flash-cut denial... skip pass from wing to corner for a 3-point shotFinally, diagram L shows the defense over shifted on the ball-side with the ball on the wing (O3). Ordinarily, with the ball on the wing, we would expect the opposite low post O5 to flash to the ball-side elbow. But the defense is catching on and denies our flash cut. O5 reads this, and instead of fighting with the defender, he/she simply back-screens the low outside X4 defender. Our opposite wing O2 slides down to the corner and O3 skip passes to O2 for a wide open 3-point shot from the corner.
This concludes the major rules of the "stationary" zone offense. Again, the ball moves the zone (quick perimeter passing), and our post players do most of the moving inside.
Get the rest of the Kansas Zone Offense in the Premium Members section and the Playbook download. It also includes the "Motion" 2-3 Zone Offense.
I think both of these zone offenses would work well against not only the 2-3 zone, but also against match-up zone defenses because of the "hi-lo" action that occurs with these offenses.
- Kansas Zone Plays
- Zone Offense
- 2-3 Zone Offenses
- 2-3 Zone Plays
- Simple 2-3 Zone Offense
- Stanford Motion-Zone Offense
- 2-3 Zone Offense Drills
Bill Self: Open Practice: Zone Offense
with Bill Self, University of Kansas Head Coach.
Bill Self: "Basic" and "Motion" 3-Out 2-In Zone Offenses
with Bill Self, University of Kansas Head Coach.
Bob Knight: Encyclopedia of Zone Offense
with Bob Knight, former head coach at Texas Tech and Indiana University; 4X National Coach of the Year.
Jim Boeheim's Complete Guide to Zone Offense
with Jim Boeheim, Head Coach, Syracuse University.
Mike Krzyzewski: Duke Basketball Attacking the Zone
with Mike Krzyzewski "Coach K", Duke University Head Men's Basketball Coach
Geno Auriemma: The Simplified Zone Offense
Head Women's Coach UConn, 11 times NCAA Women's Basketball National Championships; 8 times National "Coach of the Year"